, which means using more words than necessary to convey meaning, often redundantly.

‘I saw it with my own eyes' is a . Of course you did! We didn't think you saw it with your ears!

How about “True facts?” Are there any false ones?

And my favorite: “Act now and get a free gift!”

Really? I usually pay for gifts!

While can sometimes be seen as a flaw or stylistic error, it can be used deliberately to emphasize a particular point or to enhance the rhythmic quality of speech.

‘I saw it with my own eyes' underscores personal witness and credibility.

In your speeches or , be mindful of pleonasms. Used intentionally, they can add emphasis or style, but accidental overuse will clutter your message and weaken your impact.